Believed to have been born on January 29, 1820 in Dorchester County, Maryland, Harriet Tubman, the renowned abolitionist, dedicated her life to guiding hundreds of enslaved individuals to freedom as a key “conductor” on the Underground Railroad.
Initially named Araminta Harriet Ross and born into slavery, she faced severe brutality, including enduring a two-pound weight thrown at her head that almost killed her and resulted in permanent head trauma.
Tubman escaped slavery in 1849, later returning to the South to assist others in finding freedom by utilizing a clandestine network of “safe houses” provided by abolitionists to reach Canada.
Earning the moniker “Moses,” she reportedly completed 19 trips, never losing a single passenger. During the Civil War, Tubman served as a spy for the Union Army.
Following the abolition of slavery in 1865, she spent her later years caring for former slaves at the Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged in Auburn, New York, where she ultimately passed away in 1913 at the age of 91.