Today in Texas History: Texas Rangers Officially Sanctioned by Provisional Government


The famed regulation enforcement group the Texas Rangers got official authorization by Texas’ provisional authorities on this present day in 1835.

Originally based in 1823 whence Stephen F. Austin contracted 10 frontiersmen, the Rangers served as an unofficial regulation enforcement company. It was used primarily to repel Indian assaults in opposition to the unique Texian settlers, primarily from the Tonkawa, Karankawa, and Comanche tribes.

“Under Mexican law, Austin was authorized to form a militia to ward off Indian raids, capture criminals and patrol against intruders,” reads the Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and Museum website. That rank of 10 was compensated 15 dollars per thirty days, “payable in property.”

The precise ranks of the loosely-composed group vacillated, swelling and contracting days and months at a time.

The museum provides, “The official records show that these companies were called by many names: ranging companies, mounted gunmen, mounted volunteers, minutemen, spies, scouts and mounted rifle companies. By whatever name they were known, these units performed the same ranging duties.”

The Texan Tumbler

Their weapons and techniques have been as tough and sporadic because the frontier requires. “Early Rangers shot Spanish pistols, Tennessee and Kentucky rifles, carried Bowie knives made in Sheffield England and rode swift Mexican ponies.”

Veritable Swiss military knives of males, they have been as soon as described to “ride like a Mexican, trail like an Indian, shoot like a Tennessean, and fight like the devil.”

Two years after the provisional Texas authorities gave the band its official authorization simply earlier than declaring independence from Mexico, the Rangers’ ranks had grown to over 300. Following the official authorization, a member was paid $1.25 per day.

During the warfare for independence, “[Rangers] covered the retreat of civilians from the Mexican army in the famous ‘Runaway Scrape,’ harassed columns of Mexican troops and provided valuable intelligence to the Texas Army.”

“The only men to ride in response to Col. William B. Travis’ last minute plea to defend the Alamo were Rangers who fought, and died, in the cause of Texas independence.”

Texas Rangers would function prominently in one other skirmish with Mexico 10 years later in the course of the Mexican-American War — sparked by a border dispute for the land between the Rio Grande and Nueces Rivers.

During the battle, Rangers served as scouts for the U.S. Army and “fought with such ferocity in the war they came to be called ‘Los diablos Tejanos’ — the ‘Texas Devils.’”

The group, like its members, was tossed into the wilderness after the Civil War — assembling briefly and disbanding steadily till the Great Depression, when the group was consolidated as a part of the Texas Department of Public Safety, beneath which it operates as we speak.

Rangers maintained order on the frontier, tracked down bandits, cracked down on rum runners throughout prohibition, and hunted down Bonnie and Clyde throughout that century in between.

Today, the group serves an investigatory position, typically because the specialised items known as in to examine all types of alleged improprieties.

In 1968, the Texas Ranger Hall of Fame and Museum opened in Waco, the place it continues to function and show Ranger historical past and legacies over the group’s practically 200 years of existence.

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